What is Peat Moss?
Sphagnum (Peat Moss) is a genus of approximately 380 accepted species of mosses, commonly known as peat moss. Accumulations of Sphagnum can store water, since both living and dead plants can hold large quantities of water inside their cells; plants may hold 16–26 times as much water as their dry weight, depending on the species. Peat moss can also acidify its surroundings by taking up cations, such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium, and releasing hydrogen ions.
What is Coco Coir?
Coco Coir or coconut fiber, is a natural fiber extracted from the husk of coconut. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. It is usually treated before used as a grow medium for plants or fungi by soaking in calcium buffering solution. Most Coco coir is sold for growing purposes has been previously treated. Once the remaining salts have been leached from the coir pith, it and the coir bark become suitable substrates for growing plants.